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The Great Indian Fact Book - Amazing facts about India's fabulous culture, civilization and contributions to the world

Albert Einstein said this about India :
"We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made."

Read some amazing facts about India

India is the world's largest democracy, with more than 1.2 billion people.

On Wednesday Feb 15, 2017 India set a World Record by Launching 104 Satellites in one mission. Out of the 104, 101 were foreign satellites. In that 96 were from USA.

India is 7th largest by area. It is one of the world's fastest growing economies.

Rabindranath Tagore, the writer of Indian National Anthem "Jana Gana Mana" is also credited for writing the Bangladeshi national anthem, "Amar Sonar Bangla".

India's Kumbh Mela Festival is the world's biggest gathering of humans. It is even visible from space. Around 100 million people comes from various parts of india to participate in this.

Rabindranath Tagore who wrote National anthem of India "Jana Gana Mana" also wrote the national anthem for Bangladesh ie "Amar Sonar Bangla".

India's tallest tricolour hoisted near Indo-Pak border at Attari in Amritsar District of Punjab state. The 120x80 feet National flag was hoisted on a 360-foot-high (110 metres) flag post on March 5, 2017 . It is tall enough to be visible from Lahore in Pakistan.

India is the world's largest producer of milk

India has more population than the entire Western Hemisphere of Earth.

India is the world's largest, oldest, continuous civilization.

India was the first country to develop extraction and purifying techniques of sugar.

Game of Chess (Shataranj) was invented in India.

India's first President Dr Rajendra Prasad only took 50% of his salary ie Rs 5000 at that time (1950–1962).

Multi-billion electrical goods company Havell's is purely an Indian brand & named after its first owner Haveli Ram Gupta.

India has the second largest pool of Scientist and Engineers in the World.

Oscar winning Hollywood star Ben Kingsley was of Indian descent and was born Krishna Pandit Bhanji.

Second largest Muslim population in the world is in India.

Major Dhyan Chand, the hero of Indian hockey lead British Indian hockey team to victory against Germany in 1936 Berlin Olympics. Hitler was impressed on his performance and was offered German citizenship, a high post in the German military and the chance to play for the German national side., but Dyan Chand declined the offer.

The Baily Bridge in the Ladakh valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayan mountains is the highest bridge in the world. It was built by the Indian Army in August 1982

Mrs Shakuntla Devi who is an Indian writer and mental calculator was given the title "Human Calculator" after she demonstrated the calculation of two 13 digit numbers: 7,686,369,774,870 × 2,465,099,745,779 in just 28 seconds.

India developed its own super computer technology.India is the only country other than US and Japan, to have built a super computer indeigenously.

India has a spa just for elephants. Every year a group of pampered elephants at the Punnathoor Cotta Elephant Yard Rejuvenation Centre in Kerala receive elaborate spa treatments.

Shakuntla Devi, the human calculator was from India, she could calculate the product between two 13 digit numbers in just 28 seconds.

It's illegal to take Indian currency (rupees) out of India.

Rakesh Sharma was the first Indian to travel in space. When former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi asked him about how India looked from space. His response was "Saare Jahaan Se Achcha."

India invented the number system. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta. Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India.

World's second-largest English speaking country is India.

The largest Employer in the world is Indian railways. It has 1.4 million employees.

A 12-year-old Muslim girl called Mariam Kadri daughter of Asif Naseem Siddiqui, a class VI student at the Cosmopolitan High School in Mumbai
won competition on understanding the Bhagwad Gita, the Sacred book of Hindu religion in Maharashtra.

Indian Space research organistion ISRO's Chandrayaan- 1 moon mission discovered the presence of water in moon for the first time.

Herbal Shampoos was invented in India.

Switzerland honored former Indian President APJ Abdul Kalam, the father of India's missile programme by declaring May 26th as Science Day. It was on May 26, 2005 He landed in Switzerland for a 4 day visit.

The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi built in the 10th century, is the world's largest religious pilgrimage destination

India never invaded any other country in it 10000 years of history.

Largest number of vegetarians is in India.

Shani Shingnapur in Maharashtra is the most amazing village. The houses and shops in this village do not have doors , No theft have been reported from here.

Mumbai is the most congested city.

Martial Arts and Yoga has its origins in India.

Jaipur's doctor parivar ( family ) When Vinamrita Patni, secured 107th rank in the recently held RPMT, she will become the 32nd member of her family to join the medical profession after she completes her MBBS course.

India has the largest postal network in the world with over 1, 55,015 post offices. There is a floating post office in Dal Lake, Srinagar called "Nehru Park PO" having pincode 190001

The Indian national Kabaddi team has won all World Cups

Science day in Switzerland is in honour of Ex-Indian President, APJ Abdul Kalam who visited Switzerland in 2006.

Hockey legend Dhyan Chand was offered German citizenship and high rank in german military by Hitler during Berlin Olympics of 1939. But he declined the offer.

Snakes and Ladders game was originated in India.

Water on the moon was first discovered by India's ISRO Chandrayaan- 1 using its Moon Mineralogy Mapper in 2009.

India has a humbled begining in rocket science. The first rocket in India was transported on a cycle.

India is the world's second-largest English speaking country, in future it may occupy the first position.

The crowd gathered for Kumbh Mela in 2011 was visible from space. There was nearly 75 million pilgrims gathered in Nashik, an ancient holy city in Maharashtra.

India is the world's largest producer of milk.

Shampooing using herbs was first practiced in India. The word 'shampoo' comes from the Sanskrit word champu, which means massage.

India is expected to be the world's most populous country by 2050. India is currently in second position, just after China.

India's Hindu calendar has 6 seasons: spring, summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and prevernal.

The game Snakes and Ladders, earlier known as Moksha Patamu was originated in India as a moral lesson about karma to be taught to children.

India has the largest postal network in the world with more than 150000 post-offices serving the population. There is even a floating post office in Dal Lake, Srinagar of Jammu & Kashmir.

India was the first country to develop extraction and purifying techniques of sugar.

Chail Cricket Ground at an altitude of 2,444 meters in Chail, Himachal Pradesh is the highest cricket ground in the world.

India has the largest number of vegetarians in the world. 30 to 40 pertcentage of Indians are veggis.

The Indian national Kabaddi team (Men & Women) has won all World Cups.

In India, there is a vigilante group called the "Love Commandos" that offers protection from harassment to couples from different castes who fall in love. Love Commandos is a voluntary organization in India dedicated to helping India's lovebirds who want to marry for love.

Breathing the air in Mumbai, India, for just one day is equivalent to smoking 100 cigarettes.

Mawsynram and Cherrapunji , are the villages in Meghalaya which are known as the wettest inhabited place in the world. It receives the highest recorded average rainfall in the world.

Havell's is purely an Indian brand & named after its first owner Haveli Ram Gupta.

An Indian man called Prahlad Jani claims he hasn't eaten or drunk for 70 years. After many tests, doctors still don't know how it's possible.

The cable-stayed bridge between Bandra and Worli in Maharastra known as Rajiv Gandhi Sea Link or Bandra - Worli Sealink has steel wires equal to the earth's circumference.

The world's biggest family lives together in India: a man with 39 wives and 94 children.

Diamonds were first mined in India from Guntur and Krishna District of the Krishna River Delta in Andhra Pradesh. Until 18th century India led the position.

70% of all the world's spices come from India.

The wettest inhabited place in the world is Mawsynram, a village on the Khasi Hills, Meghalaya

First Indian Astronaut Rakesh Sharma said India looks "saare jahaan se achcha" from space.

India has the world's lowest meat consumption per person.

Bandra Worli Sealink has steel wires equal to the earth's circumference. It took 2,57,00,000 man hours for completion

As Mahant Bharatdas Darshandas is the only voter from Banej in Gir forest of Gujarat, a special polling station is set up for him in the middle of Gir Forest.

Indian bank notes have Braille-like markings on them for the blind.

The Golden Temple in India feeds a vegetarian meal to over 100,000 people a day regardless of race, religion and class.

The world's most polluted city is New Delhi, India.

Judaism arrived in India 2500 years ago.

Christianity came to India in AD 59 through Saint Thomas , the disciple of Jesus Christ. St thomas died at Mylapore Tamilnadu.

Majority of Indian follow Hindu Religion, which is one of the oldest religions in the world. Some practitioners claim that the Hindu revelation is eternal.

The Siachen Glacier is located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalaya Mountains is the world's higgest battle field at an altitude of 5,753 m (18,875 ft)

The highest cricket ground in the world ,the Chail Cricket Ground in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. It is at an altitude of 2,444 meters above sea level.

Children's Day is celebrated in India on November 14th, 9 months after Valentine's Day.

In India, a special polling station was set up for Mahant Bharatdas Darshandas the lone voter in the middle of Gir Forest in Gujarat

Orgin of Jainism is in India. During the 5th or 6th century BC, Vardhamana Mahāvīra became one of the most influential teachers of Jainism.

Religion Buddhism has its origin in India. It is largely based on teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as the Sri Buddha ("the awakened one").

India has more mobile phones than toilets.

When compared to US and other European countries, Cancer medicine are low cost in India

Buying and Selling of Sex toys are illegal in India.

World longest railways platform is in Gorakhpur ( Kharagpur ) Uttar Pradesh. It is 2,733 ft. in length.

Hero Motocorp in India is the worlds largest two wheel manufacturer.

World's cheapest small car Tata Nano was buit in India.

Maruti Alto is the world's best selling small car.

India is the worlds largest film production country with nearly 1200 film releasess in a year.

Asha Bhosle is the worlds most recorded artist and she has sung over 12,000 songs.

Ilaiyaraaja who had more than 9,000 songs is world's most prolific music director.

The world record for highest number (180,96130) of new bank accounts opened in August 2014 during the reign of Mr marendra Modi as Prime Minister of India.

Highest cricket centuries in international cricket is scored by Sachin Tendulkar.

World biggest biometric database (over 700 million) in a country

Worlds top producer of Mica. India has monopoly in the production of mica, producing about 60% of the world's total production.

Rapid rise in production has resulted in India becoming the 4th largest producer of crude steel and the largest producer of sponge iron

One out of 5 people in the world is an Indian.

India;s Unity in diversity is amazing. It has 29 states and 6 union terittories, 18 official languages, 114 languages, 216 mother tongues and 900 dialects.

38% of doctors in USA are Indians

36% of NASA scientists are Indians.

India's road networks is lengthy enough to loop around the earth 117 times.

India has the most number of mosques. It has more than 300000, which is more than the muslim world.

ISRO's ( Indian space research organisation ) Mars mission Mangalyan is the cheapest of its kind. It took 450 Crores. ie, Rs 12 per km.

The place value system, the decimal system was developed in India in 100 BC.

No bars prison in Sanganer, Rajasthan - At present there are more than 150 prisoners at the Sanganer jail, including women. They build their own houses, pay for water and electricity and are allowed to go out to work between 6 am and 7 pm, within a 10 km radius. Their children attend nearby schools.

India is the second largest producer of cotton in the world after China accounting for about 18% of the world cotton production.

India has been the largest troop contributor to the United Nations Peacekeeping Missions.

India has the world’s third largest active army, after China and USA.

Varanasi, also known as Benares, Banaras, or Kashi, is an North Indian city on the banks of the Ganga in Uttar Pradesh is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today.

Takshila ( Taxila ) now in Pakistan is said to be the first every university in the world; it started around 700 BC.

City Montessori School in Lucknow in Uttar pradesh is the largest school in number of students. It has more than 45 thousand students.

Lonar Lake, a saltwater lake in Maharashtra, was created by a meteor hitting the Earth and is one of its kind in India.

Magnetic Hill is a gravity hill located near Leh in Ladakh, India. The hill is beleived to have magnetic properties strong enough to pull cars uphill and force passing aircraft to increase their altitude in order to escape magnetic interference.

Currently, India is the world’s third largest economy right after China and USA.

India is the world’s largest importer of arms.

India is world's largest producer of mangoes, growing 1.2 million tons of mangoes every year.

The great scriptures of India - including The Vedas and The Upanishads - were written when most developed nations did not even know how to read and write

Indian Raily is the world's fourth largest railway network. The total length of track used by Indian Railways is about 115,000 km (71,000 mi) while the total route length of the network is 65,000 km (40,000 mi). The total distance covered by the 14,300 trains on the Indian Railways everyday, equals three & half times the distance to moon.

India has the world’s third largest road network, covering more than 4.3 million kilometers and carrying 87 percent of passenger traffic

India is the second largest producer of rice and tea, and the largest producer of pulses and jute.

Ayurveda is a system of medicine and lifestyle developed in Ancient India. Charak, also known as Charaka,consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. He was one of the principal contributors to the ancient art and science of Ayurveda.

Four major world religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism originated in India,while other religions like Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam arrived later and shaped the region's diverse culture.

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